【词汇典故】弥诺陶洛斯迷宫传说 Legend of Minot

  On this program we talk about words and expressions that we use in everyday conversation.Today we are going to talk about mysteries.And,more importantly,how to solve them.

  在这个节目中,我们议论我们在平常对话中应用的词语。明天我们要谈谈奥秘的事。更主要的是,若何处理这些后果。

  So,what are the keys to solving a mystery?If you said clues,you are right.Clues are pieces of information that help you find an answer.

  那么,解开谜团的关键是甚么?假设你说的是线索,你是对的。线索是协助你找到答案的信息片段。

  The word"clue"has an origin story that may surprise both native English speakers and those learning English.The origin of the word combines a Greek myth,a labyrinth,danger and knitting.

  “线索”这个词有一个起源故事,能够会让说英语的人和学英语的人都认为惊讶。这个词的起源联合了希腊神话、迷宫、风险和编织。

  That's right,knitting!

  是的,编织!

  But first,let's start with the myth.In this story,a monster called the Minotaur lived in a labyrinth on the island of Crete.From time to time,people were sent inside the labyrinth as sacrifices.They could not find their way out,and the Minotaur killed and ate them.

  但起首,让我们从神话末尾。在这个故事中,一个叫牛头怪的怪物住在克里特岛的迷宫里。人们不时地被送到迷宫里作为祭品。他们找不到前途,牛头怪杀了他们并吃掉落了他们。

  Except for one man.

  除一团体。

  As the story goes,Theseus volunteered to go into the Minotaur's labyrinth.But before going in,Theseus unraveled a ball of yarn.He battled the Minotaur and killed it.Then he followed the yarn back to the opening of the labyrinth and came out alive.

  随着故事的开展,忒修斯自愿进入牛头怪的迷宫。但在出来之前,忒修斯解开了一团纱线。他与牛头怪战斗并杀逝世了它。然后他顺着纱线回到迷宫的开口处,活蹦乱跳地走了出来。

  

  You may be saying to yourself,"That is a great story.But what does it have to do with the word'clue'?"

  你能够会对自己说,“这是一个巨大年夜的故事。但这和“线索”这个词有甚么关系呢

  Well,in the 1590s,a ball of yarn was called a clew,spelled c-l-e-w.Because of this Greek myth about Theseus--and possibly other stories,too--the meaning of"clew"began to change.By the 1620s,the word meant something that will lead to a solution.After more time passed,the spelling changed to c-l-u-e,the way we spell it today.

  嗯,在1590年代,一团纱线被称为线索,拼写为c-l-e-w。因为这个关于忒修斯的希腊神话,能够还有其他故事,“线索”的含义末尾修改。到了16世纪20年代,这个词的意思是可以找到处理方法的器械。经过一段时间后,拼写酿成了c-l-u-e,就像我们明天拼写的那样。

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